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The Art of Coffee Brewing: Techniques and Methods

The Art of Coffee Brewing: Techniques and Methods

How do you like your coffee? Coffee doesn’t have to be boring. Brewing coffee comes down to preference. Are you looking for a specific taste or texture? Do you have lots of time to perfect your coffee-making method or are you always on the go? There are many different techniques and methods used to brew coffee. In this article, we will discuss coffee brewing methods and different ways to brew coffee.

Different Ways to Brew Coffee

Buying a good cup of coffee isn’t for everyone. There are many different ways to brew your coffee at home. It may seem like an overwhelming task, but it doesn’t have to be. You may only require ground coffee, filter, and water but there is a difference among the coffee brewing options. Variables to consider when brewing coffee are the texture of the coffee, or why you like it; the filter material and brewing process, essentially how it works; the mindset or prior experience of the home brewer or who the coffee is for.

Coffee Brewing Methods

Not all coffee brewing methods are the same. Because coffee is mainly water, the quality of your coffee matters. Making your own fresh cup of coffee will save you money and you can also have control over the ingredients and quality. There are many coffee brewing methods to consider.

Make coffee with an AeroPress

AeroPress is similar to the French press. AeroPress is more compact making it easier to travel or to take camping with you. It is made with BPA-free plastic. The AeroPress also uses a separate filter and finer coffee grounds. It has an airtight canister that holds a cushion of air that pushes the hot water through the grounds and the paper filter. AeroPress uses a small amount of coffee. The medium-fine grounds contribute to the seal on the bottom which creates the pressure needed for extraction.


Espresso is the perfect way to amplify the characteristics of your favorite coffee. This method is if you like a strong cup of coffee and fast. The coffee should be ground very fine and an espresso-specific grinder is recommended. Although espresso has more caffeine per unit volume than most other coffee drinks, the total caffeine content is actually lower than a standard cup of coffee because of its smaller serving size.

Related: Grinding Your Own Coffee Beans: A Complete Guide 

Make cold-brew coffee

Cold brew coffee is a slow method of making coffee. Because of this, you will want to have a large coarse grind. Since this is a slow, low-temperature brew it results in a smoother cup of iced black coffee that’s lower in acidity than coffee brewed with hot water. Cold brew isn’t an option if you want a cup of coffee immediately. But cold brew is perfect for the person who wants to batch-brew coffee, as it can last up to five days in the refrigerator.

Make drip machine coffee

A drip coffee machine is a simple way to brew coffee. This is a perfect option for someone who doesn’t want to invest time and money into a coffee setup. Drip coffee and coffee makers are affordable and accessible. Drip coffee machines are quick since the grounds and water are only briefly in contact. Although drip coffee machines are easy and convenient, they are not able to extract as much nuanced flavor as methods like a French press or pour-over method. Also, paper filters can affect the flavor of your final brew.

paper filter coffee

Coffee made with a paper filter is easy to clean up and affordable.

Make French press coffee

A French press is a glass or stainless steel carafe with a plunger that contains a built-in stainless steel mesh filter. The coffee’s natural oils are unfiltered which improves the flavor. If you are trying to avoid plastic, the French press is a great option. Most French press models use metal and glass components.

French press coffee maker

Easy to brew and very consistent, the French Press is very reliable.

Make pour-over coffee

Pour-over coffee is made by slowly pouring boiling water over coffee grounds, allowing the water to slowly drip into the mug or carafe below. Pour-over coffee makers are usually glass or ceramic and come in a variety of sizes from single to multiple-cup units. The pour-over method requires precise weights of water and coffee. This coffee brewing method also requires a longer brew time and more attention, but it yields a complex, smooth, and flavorful cup of coffee.

Make percolator coffee

A percolator is a stovetop coffee brewing method. You use a small metal pot and have no paper waste. Since the coffee brews at boiling temperatures, a percolator can extract bitter flavors from the coffee and potentially boil over. This method may take some trial and error to figure out the best time to remove your percolator from heat, but it brews a strong cup of coffee that drinks like an espresso. Also, it doesn’t require precise measurements.

percolator coffee maker

Percolator coffee is hallmarked for its boldness and fullness of flavor.

Single-serve coffee pods

Single-serve coffee pods are a convenient coffee brewing method. These coffee machines brew quickly and make a fine cup of coffee. It’s simple. Fill the tank with water, place a pod in the machine and a cup underneath, then select the size desired, press a button, and wait a few seconds. The coffee pods create more waste but the contents can be composted and the cup can be recycled.

Make instant coffee

Instant coffee is great when you’re on the go. The coffee can be made hot or cold. It’s lightweight and easy to transport. Also, high-end and boutique coffee roasters offer instant individual-serving coffee packets made by freeze-drying their brew. If you don’t have access to a kitchen, this is a great coffee brewing option.

Make coffee without a coffee maker

This is a simple coffee brewing method using a saucepan. Making coffee without a coffee maker is a standard brewing method in Turkey and Greece. All you need is water, finely ground coffee, a stove, and a saucepan. You can experiment with coffee volume and brewing time, and filter the coffee or drink it Mid-Eastern style with the grounds in the cup.

Finally, coffee brewing methods are ultimately all about preference. What matters to you the most when it comes to coffee? Maybe you’re looking for convenience, or have all the time in the world to play around with all the different coffee brewing methods. Brewing coffee can be entertaining and practical. Enjoy your fabulously brewed coffee!

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  • Brie Allen